The First Generation (post-World War II)
The founders were Jozef Mroszczak (1910-1975), Henryk Tomaszewski (b.1914) and Tadeusz Trepkowski (1914-1954). Each contributed to its unique style: a painter’s palette, the quick sketch,full of humor, strong coloring, surrealistic metaphors, concise composition and use of symbolism.
The Second Generation (the 1950s and 1960s):
These artists, born in the 1920s and 1930s, include Roman Cieslewicz, Wiktor Gorka, Hubert Hilscher, Tadeusz Jodlowski, Jan Lenica, Jan Mlodozeniec, Marian Stachurski, Waldemar Swierzy, and Maciej Urbaniec. They continued the work of the First Generation, but in a more restrained, intellectual style. Some drew upon the fantastic and surreal while others favored abstraction.
The Third Generation (the 1960s-Present):
Born during and after World War II, these artists include Jerzy Czerniawski, Stasys Eidrigevicius, Marek Freudenreich, Rafal Olbinski, Andrzej Pagowski, Jan Sawka, and Wieslaw Walkuski. They introduced more aggressive designs intended to surprise, provoke or disturb the viewers’ beliefs and values. Their works often use camouflage and commonly understood ironies to communicate surreptitiously with the public. This generation firmly established the Polish School of Posters’ reputation throughout the international art community.